The Malawi Threshold Program (MTP) was a $20.9 million program to reduce corruption and improve financial management as a means to improving Malawi's performance on the MCC's Compact eligibility indicators. The program was implemented from September 2006 to September 2008. Anti-corruption and financial management were seen as mutually reinforcing and the activities were designed to achieve three broad objectives:
• Establish and strengthen systems for preventing corruption;
• Increase the effectiveness and independence of oversight institutions; and
• Put in place effective enforcement and deterrence systems.
This ex post performance evaluation is being carried out to provide an independent, objective investigation into the effectiveness and efficacy of MTP activities, using the best data and most rigorous methods feasible. The program evaluation serves three purposes: provide lessons learned for MCC, the Government of Malawi, and other program donors; uphold MCC's institutional commitment to measuring program results; and provide practical lessons for current and future Threshold Program partners in developing and implementing Threshold Program activities. A team of two international consultants were hired to evaluate the Malawi Threshold Program.
The performance evaluation examined three key questions:
1. Were activities fully executed and did they result in intended, or unintended, outcomes (meaningful changes in practice, knowledge, or attitudes)?
2. Have those outcomes and pilot activities proved sustainable?
3. What lessons learned can be drawn from these activities?
Scope of interviews and document review included the relevance of program interventions to the stated goals, the extent to which activities were undertaken and completed, evidence or anecdote regarding the effectiveness of Threshold interventions.
Interviews were administered to GoM staff, consultants from the various implementing organizations, MCC and USAID staff, civil society representatives who had been sub-grantees or trainees, and relevant third-parties such as donors (see Annex 3 for a list of those interviewed and Annex 4 for sample questions that were modified for each institution).