Commercial Training Activity Impact Evaluation 2010-2012
Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
The MCC compact with Ghana was a five-year investment (2006-2011) of $547 million in three projects: Transportation, Rural Development and Agriculture. The Agricultural Project was designed to enhance the profitability of staple food and horticulture crops and to improve delivery of business and technical services to support the expansion of commercial agriculture among farmer-based organizations (FBOs). The project included six activities: (i) Commercial Training for Farmer-Based Organizations (FBOs), (ii) Irrigation, (iii) Land, (iv) Post-harvest, (v) Access to Credit, and (vi) Feeder Roads. The objective of the Commercial Training Activity was to accelerate the development of commercial skills and capacity among FBOs and their business partners, and is the subject of this independent impact evaluation.
The evaluation had the primary objective of measuring the impact of the FBO training program on farmers' farm productivity and crop income. It was based on a randomized phase-in approach, taking advantage of the fact that not all FBOs that were to be part of the program could be trained at the same time, and so implicit in the program design itself was some degree of phasing. At the core of the impact evaluation was a difference-in-difference approach designed to measure the difference in agricultural output between the treatment group (a collection of FBO members who received commercial trainings in 2008 and 2009) and the control group (a collection of FBO members who received commercial trainings a year later). The Farmer-Based Organization (FBO) Survey series is a collection of data designed to evaluate the impact of these trainings on farmers in Ghana. To aid the survey and enable the implementation of the difference-in-difference approach, the FBOs were divided into two batches and each farmer was to be interviewed twice: once at baseline and again after one year. Batch 1 treatment and control farmers were surveyed in November-December 2008 and again in February-April 2010. Batch 2 treatment and control farmers were surveyed in February-April 2010 and again in November 2010-January 2011. In total, approximately 6,000 farmers -- 3,000 in the treatment group and 3,000 in control group -- were surveyed.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Units of Analysis
The FBO Survey collected data on both farming individuals and farming households. The demographic information captured FBO members farmers' non-farm employment activities. Demographic information related to the individual included: sex, age, educational attainment (and literacy levels), religious affiliation, marital status and the relationship to the head of household. Descriptive information of the household included: age-sex composition, household size, sex of head of household, and household dependency ratios.
The FBO Survey targeted only farmers in rural Ghana who were also members of Farmer-Based Organizations (FBOs). Commercial trainings occurred in 30 districts across three (3) zones: the Northern Agriculture Zone (Northern Region), the Afram Basin Zone (Ashanti and Eastern regions), and the Southern Horticultural Belt (South-East Coastal Plains).
The FBO Survey had a number of criteria each FBO was required to meet in order to be eligible for commercial training. Among the characeristics FBOs were required to demonstrate:
(a) the FBO must be inclusive of product and trade associations, which each have at least 15 members and in total an average of 50 members;
(b) members must have, on average, a farm size of at least two (2) acres;
(c) goals must be aligned with those of CDFO (product market protocols) -- that is: banking/saving culture must be promoted within FBO; FBO has to have been established at least 6 months; must be evidence of bye-laws;
(d) officers must be democratically elected; commitment to include women in management and committees is required;
(e) must demonstrate history of meeting and working together, and earning an endorsement from the district director of agriculture, district co-operative office, or banking institution;
(f) management and membership must demonstrate understanding that participation implied involvement at all stages of the commercial development process
(g) must develop services through self-help activities that will benefit and strengthen the FBO; and
(h) must carry out business operations transparently and demonstrate commitment to growth
Producers and Sponsors
The Institute for Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER)