The impact evaluation sought to answer three key questions:
(1) What was the impact of the program on school enrollment?
(2) What was the impact of the program on test scores?
(3) Were the impacts different for girls than for boys?
In this particular case, to estimate the program’s impacts, we assessed how children in BRIGHT villages fared relative to how they would have fared had BRIGHT not been implemented. This assessment is important because even in the absence of BRIGHT, it is likely that enrollment would have increased in the 132 villages in which it was implemented. School construction and enrollment both were increasing in the period prior to the implementation of BRIGHT, and the government of Burkina Faso launched a program, Plan Decennal de Developpement de l’Education de Base (PDDEB) for the period 2002-2011 PDDEB’s goals include increased access to schooling and the promotion of girls’ education. Moreover, during 2007–2008, the total number of children enrolled in school rose in the 10 provinces in which BRIGHT was implemented—in the 132 BRIGHT villages and the remaining villages as well.
Hence, our ability to assess the program’s success turns on the issue of whether, and the extent to which, we can ascertain what part of the improvement in educational outcomes in the 132 BRIGHT villages was due to the program itself and what part would have happened even if the program had not been implemented.
Summary of Results
In general, the main conclusions are that BRIGHT had about a 20 percentage point positive impact on girls’ primary school enrollment, and had positive impacts on Math and French test scores for both girls and boys. The evaluator was unable to separately estimate the impact of each component of the intervention (schools, textbooks, etc.)
Regression Discontinuity Design
Units of Analysis
Individuals, Households, School.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
School information panel, school characteristics, school personnel characteristics module, school physical structure, and student attendance roster.
The household questionnaire includes household characteristics, household listing form, education module, child labour module, math assessment, and French assessment.
The household questionnaire drew heavily from several existing questionnaires widely used in
Version 1.1 (December 2013). This version is more detailed than version 1.
Metadata ID Number
MCC Compact and Program
Compact or Threshold
Burkina Faso Threshold (2005-2008)
The evaluation covers the Burkina Faso Threshold's BRIGHT program.
The official name of the BRIGHT program is "Burkinabe Response to Improve Girl’s Chances to Succeed." The BRIGHT program was designed to improve the educational outcomes of children in Burkina Faso. It focused on girls in particular and was implemented in 132 rural villages throughout the 10 provinces of the country in which girls’ enrollment rates were lowest. It consisted of constructing primary schools with three classrooms and implementing a set of complementary interventions. These included inputs such as separate latrines for boys and girls; canteens; take-home rations and textbooks; and soft components, such as a mobilization campaign, literacy training, and capacity building among local partners.
Children, school officials, and household heads in 132 villages of Burkina Faso.